Social Identities: The Big Fifteen
An individual’ssocial identityindicates who they arein terms of the groups to which they belong.
|Race (Black, Indigenous, & People of Color, Caucasian)||Ethnicity||Religion/Spirituality|
|Gender (biological: male, female, intersex)||Sexual Orientation (LGBTQ+)||Sexuality (gender identity)|
|Nationality (nation(s) of origin/citizenship)||Body Size/Type||Tribal or Indigenous Affiliation|
Social Identity Groupsare based on the physical, social, and mental characteristics of individuals. They are sometimes obvious and clear, sometimes not obvious and unclear, often self-claimed and frequently ascribed by others. For example, racial groupings are often ascribed as well as self-claimed. Government, schools, and employers often ask an individual to claim a racial identity group or simply ascribe one to an individual based on visual perception. Other social identities are personally claimed but not often announced oreasily visually ascribed such as sexual orientation, religion, or disability status.
Below are examples of social identity groups.
(Based on The Program on Intergroup Relations, University of Michigan)
|Social Identity Groupings||Examples (Feel free to use your own language for your identities.)|
|Race||Asian Pacific Islander, Native American, Latinx, Black, White, Bi/Multiracial|
|Ethnicity||Irish, Chinese, Puerto Rican, Italian, Mohawk, Jewish, Guatemalan, Lebanese, European-American, African-American|
|Religion or Spirituality||Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, Jewish, Christian, Pagan, Agnostic, Faith/Meaning, Atheist, Secular Humanist|
|Sexuality (gender identity)||Woman, Man, Transgender, Post-Gender|
|Sexual Orientation||Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Pan-Attractional, Heterosexual, Queer, Attractionality, Questioning|
|Biological sex||Intersex, Female, Male|
|Asexual||Having little to no sexual attraction|
|(Dis)Ability||People with disabilities (cognitive, physical, emotional, etc.) Temporarily able-bodied, temporarily disabled|
|Age||Child, Young Adult, Middle-Age Adult, Elderly|
|Socio-economic status (class)||Poor, Working Class, Lower-Middle Class, Upper-Middle Class, Owning Class, Ruling Class|
|Education||High school graduate, college graduate, post-college graduate|
|Profession (vocation)||Lawyer, nurse, educator, college professor, engineer|
|Nationality||United States, Nigeria, Korea, Turkey, Argentina|
|Body Size/Type||Fat, Person of Size, Thin|
|Tribal or Indigenous Affiliation||Mohawk, Aboriginal, Navajo, Santal|
Marginalized Group: Social identity groups that are disenfranchised and exploited.
Privileged Group: Social identity groups that hold unearned privileged in society.